Está aquí: Inicio Atención a la Salud Desigualdades en Salud Clase Social How does unemployment affect self-assesed health? A systematic review focusing on subgroup effects

How does unemployment affect self-assesed health? A systematic review focusing on subgroup effects
Background:Almost all studies on the effect on health from unemployment have concluded that unemployment is bad for your health. However, only a few review articles have dealt with this relation in recent years, and none of them have focused on the analysis of subgroups such as age, gender, and marital status. The objective of our article is to review how unemployment relates to self-assessed health with a focus on its effect on subgroups. Methods:A search was performed in Web of Science to find articles that measured the effect on health from unemployment. The selection of articles was limited to those written in English, consisting of original data, and published in 2003 or later. Our definition of health was restricted to self-assessed health. Mortality- and morbidity-related measurements were therefore not included in our analysis. For the 41 articles included, information about health measurements, employment status definitions, other factors included in the statistical analysis, study design (including study population), and statistical method were collected with the aim of analysing the results on both the population and factor level. Results:Most of the studies in our review showed a negative effect on health from unemployment on a population basis. Results at the factor levels were most common for gender (25 articles), age (11 articles), geographic location (8 articles), and education level (5 articles). The analysis showed that there was a health effect for gender ...
Fredrik Norström, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström, Per E Gustafsson, Urban Janlert
Datos fuente
BMC Public Health 2014, 14:1310 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1310
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Publicado en ODS
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