Recursos

Foreclosure and Health in Southern Europe: Results from the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages

Foreclosure and Health in Southern Europe: Results from the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages Housing instability has been shown to be related to poorer health outcomes in various studies, mainly in the USA and UK. Affected individuals are more prone to psychiatric (e.g., major depression, anxiety) and physical disorders (e.g., hypertension). This situation has deteriorated with the onset of the economic crisis. One of the most affected countries is Spain, which has high rates of foreclosure and eviction that continue to rise. In response, a civil movement, The Platform for People Affected by Mortgages (PAH), works to provide solutions to its members affected by foreclosure and advocates for the right to decent housing. The aims of this study ware to describe and compare the health status of PAH members from Catalonia to a sample of the general population and to analyze the association between health status and mortgage status, foreclosure stage, and other socioeconomic variables, among members of the PAH. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered online questionnaire (2014) administered to 905 PAH members in Catalonia (>18 years; 559 women and 346 men). Results were compared with health indicators from The Health Survey of Catalonia 2013 (n = 4830). The dependent variables were poor mental health (GHQ 12 ≥ 3), and poor self-reported health (fair or poor). All analyses were stratified by sex. We computed age-standardized prevalence and prevalence ratios of poor mental and self-reported health in both samples. We a ...

Categoría:Territorio
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-03-22

Factors Associated With Women’s Reporting of Intimate Partner Violence in Spain

In Spain, in 2013, the 20% of women who were murdered by their partner had reported him previously. We analyze the 2011 Spanish-Macrosurvey on Gender Violence to identify and analyze the prevalence of and the principal factors associated with reporting a situation of intimate partner violence (IPV) and the main reasons women cite for not filing such reports, or for subsequently deciding to withdraw their complaint. Overall, 72.8% of women exposed to IPV did not report their aggressor. The most frequent reasons for not reporting were not giving importance to the situation (33.9%), and fear and lack of trust in the reporting process (21.3%). The main reasons for withdrawing the complaint were cessation of the violence (20.0%), and fear and threats (18.2%). The probability of reporting increased among women with young children who were abused, prevalence ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]): 2.14 [1.54, 2.98], and those whose mother was abused, prevalence ratio (95% CI): 2.25 [1.42, 3.57]. Always focusing on the need to protect women who report abuse, it is necessary to promote the availability of and access to legal resources especially among women who use them less: women who do not have children and women who do not have previous family exposure to violence.

Categoría:Género
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-17

Families in the economic crisis: Changes in policy measures in the EU

Families in the economic crisis: Changes in policy measures in the EU This report describes the situation and experience of families during the economic crisis and examines how family-focused policies have changed since 2010. In some countries, benefits have been reduced, affecting disadvantaged families disproportionately. Other countries have introduced new measures to help those families worst affected by the economic crisis. This report also looks at the social situation of different types of families with dependent children and examines what kind of responses can help mitigate the effect of the crisis on disadvantaged families. It focuses on in-depth analyses of developments in 10 EU Member States.

Categoría:Género
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (colecciones)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-02

Façade insulation retrofifting policy implementation process and its effects on health equity determinants: A realist review

Fuel poverty and cold housing constitute a significant public health problem. Energy efficiency interventions, such as faccedilade retrofitting, address the problem from a structural and long-term perspective. Despite evidence of the health benefits of insulation, little is known about the political and social contexts that contribute to social inequalities in receiving and experiencing health benefits from these interventions. We used a realist review methodology to better understand the mechanisms that explain how and why variations across different social groups appear in receiving energy efficiency faccedilade retrofitting interventions and in their impact on health determinants. We considered the four stages of the policy implementation framework: public policy approach; policy; receiving intervention and impact on health determinants. We found strong evidence that certain social groups (low-income, renters, elderly) suffering most from fuel poverty, experience more barriers for undertaking a building retrofitting (due to factors such as upfront costs, presentism, thinking, split incentives, disruption and lack of control), and that some public policies on housing energy efficiency may exacerbate these inequalities. This can be avoided if such policies specifically aim at tackling fuel poverty or social inequities, are completely free to users, target the most affected groups and are adapted to their needs.

TipoRevisión
Publicado en ODS2016-02-01

Fuel poverty and cold home-related problems

A household is in fuel poverty if it is on a low income and faces high costs of keeping adequately warm and other basic energy services. Fuel poverty is driven by three main factors: household income, the current cost of energy and the energy efficiency of the home.Fuel poverty is associated with cold homes. England’s housing stock is made up ofrelatively energy inefficient properties which can result in homes that are difficult or costlyto heat. However, households can be cold without being in fuel poverty if people choosenot to heat their homes adequately where they have the means to do so. A social gradient in fuel poverty exists; those on lower household incomes are more likelyto be at risk of fuel poverty, contributing to social and health inequalities.The most recent data on fuel poverty in England indicates that there were 2.28 million fuel-poor households in 2012. Cold homes can affect or exacerbate a range of health problems including respiratory problems, circulatory problems and increased risk of poor mental health. Estimates suggest that some 10% of excess winter deaths are directly attributable to fuel poverty and a fifth of excess winter deaths are attributable to the coldest quarter of homes.Cold homes can also affect wider determinants of health, such as educational performance among children and young people, as well as work absences. Tackling fuel poverty and cold home-related health problems is important for improving health outcomes and reducing inequal ...

Categoría:Territorio
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-12-05

From the boom to the crisis: changes in employment conditions of immigrants in Spain and their effects on mental health

eurpub.oxfordjournals.org

Background: Migrant workers have been one of the groups most affected by the economic crisis. This study evaluates the influence of changes in employment conditions on the incidence of poor mental health of immigrant workers in Spain, after a period of 3 years, in context of economic crisis.Methods: Follow-up survey was conducted at two time points, 2008 and 2011, with a reference population of 318 workers from Colombia, Ecuador, Morocco and Romania residing in Spain. Individuals from this population who reported good mental health in the 2008 survey (n = 214) were interviewed again in 2011 to evaluate their mental health status and the effects of their different employment situations since 2008 by calculating crude and adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for sociodemographic and employment characteristics.Findings: There was an increased risk of poor mental health in workers who lost their jobs (aOR = 3.62, 95%CI: 1.64–7.96), whose number of working hours increased (aOR = 2.35, 95%CI: 1.02–5.44), whose monthly income decreased (aOR = 2.75, 95%CI: 1.08–7.00) or who remained within the low-income bracket. This was also the case for people whose legal status (permission for working and residing in Spain) was temporary or permanent compared with those with Spanish nationality (aOR = 3.32, 95%CI: 1.15–9.58) or illegall(aOR = 17.34,

Categoría:Etnia
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-03-21

Familiy Structure and Child Adjustment in Spain

link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10826-012-9681-2

This paper presents the results of a study carried out in Spain with 214 families with children aged between 3 and 10, comparing the quality of family context and the internal and external adjustment of children living in six different types of family structure: traditional, single-parent, stepfamilies, adoptive, same-sex parent and multiple-birth. Members of the research team interviewed the families in their homes and administered the assessment instruments (Development History, HOME inventory, Parenting Stress Index and Behavior Assessment System for Children). The results indicate that although some significant differences were observed between families (children living in same-sex parent families scored higher for internal and external adjustment, and those from stepfamilies scored lowest in these same measures), these differences disappeared when the effects of sociodemographic and contextual variables were statistically controlled in a covariance analysis. It can therefore be concluded that it was not family structure itself that was related to children’s adjustment, but rather the sociodemographic and contextual variables associated with it. Thus, all the family structures analysed in the study are capable of promoting positive child development and adjustment, providing they meet the necessary conditions, such as good-quality care and a stimulating environment free from conflict and stress.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-03-06

Factors mediating HIV risk among female sex workers in Europe: a systematic review and ecological analysis

bmjopen.bmj.com

Objectives We reviewed the epidemiology of HIV and selected sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) in WHO-defined Europe. There were three objectives: (1) to assess the prevalence of HIV and STIs (chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhoea); (2) to describe structural and individual-level risk factors associated with prevalence and (3) to examine the relationship between structural-level factors and national estimates of HIV prevalence among FSWs. Design A systematic search of published and unpublished literature measuring HIV/STIs and risk factors among FSWs, identified through electronic databases published since 2005. ‘Best’ estimates of HIV prevalence were calculated from the systematic review to provide national level estimates of HIV. Associations between HIV prevalence and selected structural-level indicators were assessed using linear regression models. Studies reviewed Of the 1993 papers identified in the search, 73 peer-reviewed and grey literature documents were identified as meeting our criteria of which 63 papers provided unique estimates of HIV and STI prevalence and nine reported multivariate risk factors for HIV/STI among FSWs. Results HIV in Europe remains low among FSWs who do not inject drugs (<1%), but STIs are high, particularly syphilis in the East and gonorrhoea. FSWs experience high levels of violence and structural risk factors associated with HIV, including lack of access to services and working on the street. ...

Categoría:Trabajo sexual
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2013-09-04

FUTURAGE. Prioridades de Investigación sobre Envejecimiento en Europa. Resultados de la consulta en España

www.imsersomayores.csic.es/documentos/documentos/rodriguez-f

FUTURAGE. Prioridades de Investigación sobre Envejecimiento en Europa. Resultados de la consulta en España Este informe muestra los resultados de la consulta en España del proyecto FUTURAGE, un proyecto de dos años financiado por la Comisión Europea para elaborar un mapa de la investigación europea sobre envejecimiento para los próximos 15 años. Con una metodología participativa a través de consultas y eventos científicos, pretende consensuar con las personas investigadoras y expertas europeas las líneas prioritarias de investigación futura sobre envejecimiento, poniendo el énfasis en cinco grandes apartados: la investigación biogerontológica, los recursos económicos y sociales, los entornos del envejecimiento, el envejecimiento saludable, y la implicación de las personas usuarias en la investigación.

TipoRevistas - texto completo
Publicado en ODS2011-01-12

Fundación General CSIC. Linea Estratégica sobre Envejecimiento

www.fgcsic.es/envejecimiento/es_ES

Fundación General CSIC. Linea Estratégica sobre Envejecimiento Este portal, diseñado por la Fundación General CSIC, tiene como objetivo difundir la generación de conocimiento que se desarrolla desde la propia Fundación así como desde las distintas organizaciones, centros e instituciones que desarrollan y fomentan la investigación sobre envejecimiento, discapacidad y enfermedad. En este portal se difunden las principales noticias que se producen en este ámbito científico-técnico, las actividades generadas desde la propia FGCSIC, como son las jornadas, informes o artículos, etc. que se elaboran entorno a esta temática. Al mismo tiempo se incluye una recopilación de todos aquellos recursos multimedia, documentos o enlaces interesantes sobre envejecimiento que se consideren más relevantes.

TipoPortales Temáticos
Publicado en ODS2011-01-11

Facts and Figures on Long-Term Care: Europe and North America

www.euro.centre.org/detail.php?xml_id=1601

Facts and Figures on Long-Term Care: Europe and North America Este libro, publicado por el "European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research", reune un conjunto de estudios relacionados con los cuidados a largo plazo en Europa y América del Norte. A partir de los datos disponibles en las bases de datos estadísticas nacionales e internacionales se realiza un estudio comparativo de las dos regiones en materia de cuidados a largo plazo.

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2010-05-28

Fair Society, Healthy Lives: The Marmot Review

www.ucl.ac.uk/gheg/marmotreview/Documents/finalreport/FairSo

Fair Society, Healthy Lives: The Marmot Review Este recurso, encargado por la Secretaría de Estado para la Salud de Inglaterra, identifica las estrategias más efectivas basadas en la evidencia para de reducir las desigualdades en la salud. Por otra parte, se formulan seis políticas claves cuyo doble objetivo es crear una sociedad que permita explotar el máximo el potencial de sus individuos y comunidades y garantizar la presencia de la justicia social, la salud y la sostenibilidad en todas las políticas.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2010-02-11

Fecundidad y trayectoria laboral de las mujeres en España

Fecundidad y trayectoria laboral de las mujeres en España Este recurso, encargado por el Ministerio de Igualdad,ha sido elaborado por el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). A partir de una encuesta realizada a 10.000 mujeres de entre 15 y 75 años se analiza la fecundidad y trayectoria laboral de las mujeres en España.

Categoría:Género
TipoFuentes Secundarias,Recursos Interactivos
Archivofecundaciontrayectoria.pdf (1595 views)
Publicado en ODS2010-01-11

Focusing on obesity through a health equity lens

www.eurohealthnet.eu/images/stories/DocumentFolder/kuipers_y

Focusing on obesity through a health equity lens Este recurso, publicado por la EuroHealthNet, compila una serie de prácticas y enfoques innovadores contra la obesidad y las desigualdades en la salud aplicadas a nivel local, regional, nacional y europeo. Este informe es una actualización de una versión anterior publicada en el 2006.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2009-11-18

FAROS: Observatorio de la Salud de la Infancia y la Adolescencia

www.faroshsjd.net/home.php?lang=1

FAROS: Observatorio de la Salud de la Infancia y la Adolescencia Este Portal temático, gestionado por el Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, tiene la misión de recoger y analizar información de relevancia en el ámbito de la salud infantil y de la adolescencia, para así generar y difundir conocimiento de calidad en este campo. Este Observatorio se pueden consultar artículos, enlaces, noticias, eventos, publicaciones y un índice temático sobre la salud infantil y de la adolescencia. La información se ofrece en español y catalán.

Categoría:Observatorios
TipoPortales Temáticos
Publicado en ODS2009-07-01

Fostering Innovation for Global Health

www.globalforumhealth.org/filesupld/global_update5/Update5_F

Fostering Innovation for Global Health para pdf.indd En el quinto volumen del Global Forum for Health Research seleccionan una serie de ideas innovadoras en el ámbito político, social, tecnológico y corporativo llevadas a cabo por más de 30 instituciones destacadas, que han permitido mejorar la salud a nivel global.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (colecciones)
Publicado en ODS2009-01-09