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El Instituto de la Mujer ofrece acceso gratuito en su web al programa "Nombra en Red" que se instala en el ordenador como cualquier diccionario electrónico y que permite consultar las dudas para evitar utilizar lenguaje sexista en tus textos. Este recurso se ha eleaborado a partir de distintos textos en los que se ha buscado las expresiones sexistas o que ignoran la presencia femenina, y ofrece alternativas: sustituir el masculino por un sustantivo genérico (personal, equipo, colectivo, público, gente); uso de sustantivos abstractos (profesorado, alumnado, clientela); cambios en la redacción o uso de perífrasis para evitar reducir al masculino una referencia.
Neo-Marxian social class inequalities in the mental well-being of employed men and women: The role of European welfare regimes
The relation between "neo-Marxian" social class (NMSC) and health in the working population has received considerable attention in public health research. However, less is known about the distribution of mental well-being according to NMSC in a European context. The objectives of this study are (i) to analyse the association of mental well-being and NMSC among employees in Europe (using a welfare regime typology), (ii) to investigate whether the relation between NMSC and mental well-being is the same in women compared to men within each welfare regime, and (ii) to examine within each welfare regime the role of the gender division of labour and job quality as potential mediating factors in explaining this association. Data from the European Social Survey Round 5 (2010) were analysed. Mental well-being was assessed by the WHO Well-being Index. Social class was measured through E.O. Wright's social class scheme. Models separated by sex were generated using Poisson regression with a robust error variance. The associations were presented as prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Women reported NMSC differences in mental well-being in State corporatist/family support and Southern welfare regimes. Men reported NMSC differences in mental well-being in all but the Basic security/market-oriented welfare regimes. Gender inequalities were more marked and widespread in Basic security/market-oriented welfare regimes. In all welfare regimes job quality (partly) explained NMSC in ...
Background: There is increasing interest on whether the current global economic uncertainties have an influence on the population's mental health. In this paper, we examined the association of negative socioeconomic changes, job loss and household income reductions with incident mental disorders. The moderating effect of gender was assessed. Methods: Data come from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2), a representative population-based, longitudinal study. Individuals with a paid job and without a 12-month mental disorder at baseline were selected and reassessed 3?years later (2007–2009/2010–2012). Substantial household income reductions and not being at a paid job anymore were self-reported at follow-up. Multivariate logistic models were utilised to investigate the association between these negative socioeconomic changes and the incidence of mood, anxiety and substance use Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV disorders assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0. Results: After 3?years, 6% had lost their job, 11% had a substantial household income reduction and 12.2% had developed a mental disorder. Household income reductions increased the risk of any mental disorder (aOR=1.77), particularly the risk of mood (aOR=2.24). Job loss increased the risk of mood disorders (aOR=2.02). Gender modified the relationship: job loss increased the risk of any mental disorder among men (aOR=3.04) and household income reductions did s ...
While health indicators have improved overall in the WHO European Region, this improvement is unevenly distributed within and between the 53 Member States and between population groups within them. As a result, avoidable inequalities are increasing in the Region. For example, the gap in life expectancy between the European countries with the highest and lowest is 17 years for men and 12 years for women. The 2008 economic crisis has exacerbated this trend, but appropriate policy intervention can reverse it. The WHO Regional Office for Europe and the European Commission jointly carried out a project to produce policy guidelines and tools for addressing health inequalities. Its results provide policy-makers with evidence on how policies affect socially determined health inequities and guidance on what actions can be taken to improve health equity. The project has produced several tools for use in pursuing the two priority goals of the European policy framework, Health 2020: reducing health inequities and improving governance for health. They comprise interactive online atlases and a series of policy briefs.
Housing is one of the best known and documented determinants of health. The affordability, location, and quality of housing have all been independently linked to health. Poor quality housing and blighted neighborhoods diminish property values, increase crime, and erode the cohesiveness and political power of communities. Despite the critical role of housing in public health, attention to U.S. housing conditions remains incommensurate with its importance to our wellbeing. One illustration of this is the number of homes in substandard condition. Despite setting a national goal in Healthy People 2010 to reduce the number of units in substandard condition by 52 percent, we have made no progress. There were 6.3 million units in substandard conditions in 2001; 6.3 million units remain substandard in 2011 according to the most recent American Housing Survey. The National Center for Healthy Housing (NCHH) and the American Public Health Association (APHA) have created this evidence-based National Healthy Housing Standard as a tool to reconnect the housing and public health sectors and as an evidence-based standard of care for those in the position of improving housing conditions. We have drawn from the latest and best thinking in the fields of environmental public health, safety, building science, engineering, and indoor environmental quality.
There is now a body of evidence that demonstrates strong links between neighbourhood characteristics and mental health and wellbeing. There is an increasing interest in how this relationship varies for individuals of different ages. Understanding the link between neighbourhood and wellbeing for older adults is of particular significance, given the changing age structure of the population and the desire among policy makers and practitioners to promote healthy and active ageing. This paper provides further evidence on the nature and strength of the link between individual perceptions of neighbourhood belonging and mental wellbeing among those over age fifty using both qualitative and quantitative data from three British cohort studies. Between 2008 and 2011 quantitative data were collected from 10,312 cohort members, and 230 of them took part in qualitative biographical interviews. Quantitative analysis confirms that there is a moderate association between neighbourhood cohesion and wellbeing measured at the individual level in each of the three cohorts. This association persists after controlling for a range of covariates including personality. The association between neighbourhood cohesion and wellbeing is stronger for individuals in the older two cohorts than in the younger cohort. Using qualitative biographical interviews with 116 men and 114 women we illustrate how individuals talk about their sense of neighbourhood belonging. The importance of social participation as a ...
This report presents an update to the Agency´s previous research on gender issues at work, which found that inequality both inside and outside the workplace can have an effect on the health and safety of women at work. It provides a policy perspective and is meant to contribute to the task outlined by the European strategy on health and safety at work for EU-OSHA’s European Risk Observatory, “examining the specific challenges in terms of health and safety posed by the more extensive integration of women in the labour market”. It provides a statistical overview of the trends in employment and working conditions, hazard exposure and work-related accidents and health problems for women at work. It explores selected issues (combined exposures, occupational cancer, access to rehabilitation, women and informal work, and “emerging” female professions such as home care and domestic work). The research highlights the type of work carried out by women, issues faced by younger and older women, the growth of the service sector, violence and harassment, and increasingly diversified working time patterns as major risk factors
Este número de la revista "Cuestiones de Género: de la Igualdad y la Diferencia", publicada por el Seminario Interdisciplinar de Estudios de la Mujeres de la Universidad de León, está dedicado a la salud desde la perspectiva de género. Los artículos tratan temas como las desigualdades de género en la salud, la medicación, la salud reproductiva y la construcción social de la maternidad, el aborto y enfermedades cardiovasculares, entre otros temas.
New and growing inequalities: A challenge for the social, economic and democratic development of the European Unionec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/events-131-presentatio
Este recurso ofrece el acceso a la presentaciones de los participantes del congreso "New and growing inequalities: A challenge for the social, economic and democratic development of the European Union" celebrado el 11 de noviembre de 2010 en Bruselas. Entre las temáticas que se trataron destacan las presentaciones sobre desigualdades en materia de salud, educación y trabajo, y la presentación de Richard Wilkinson.
Este recurso, publicado por el IMSERSO, tiene como objetivo fundamental divulgar aspectos tales como las consecuencias del envejecimiento, la salud, la asistencia sociosanitaria, la asistencia geriátrica, los cambios significativos de las personas mayores, tanto biológicos como psíquicos o las necesidades dietéticas.
Esta política ha sido desarrollado por el Departamento de Salud e Infancia de Irlanda en colaboración con el Servicio de Salud del Ejecutivo y un amplio grupo de personas interesadas. El objetivo de la política es promover la salud y bienestar de los hombres en Irlanda, por medio de la promoción de la salud y la adopción de un enfoque preventivo en la prestación de servicios, que considere los determinantes sociales de la salud y la transversalidad de género. El recurso está divido en dos partes, una primera donde se da a conocer el marco conceptual y teórico junto con una serie de datos estadísticos claves de la salud de los hombres en Irlanda. La segunda parte se centra en el desarrollo de la política en sí.
Bioalma, una empresa madrileña del Grupo Bionostra, dedicada a la minería de textos y tecnologías relacionadas con la biomedicina, gestiona esta herramienta gratuita de búsqueda bibliográfica online pensada para la base de datos PubMed. Este recurso proporciona funciones de búsqueda inteligente para ayudar al personal científico a buscar y refinar sus resultados. "novo | seek" se proyecta como "un sistema de extracción de información dinámica" para buscar registros en repositorios biomédicos, especialmente en PubMed.