Desigualdades Recursos Atención a la Salud Desigualdades en Salud Advocacy for Health Equity: A Synthesis Review

Título
Advocacy for Health Equity: A Synthesis Review
Resumen
Context:Health inequalities are systematic differences in health among social groups that are caused by unequal exposure to -and distributions of- the social determinants of health (SDH). They are persistent between and within countries despite action to reduce them. Advocacy is a means of promoting policies that improve health equity, but the literature on how to do so effectively is dispersed. The aim of this review is to synthesize the evidence in the academic and gray literature and to provide a body of knowledge for advocates to draw on to inform their efforts. Methods:This article is a systematic review of the academic literature and a fixed-length systematic search of the gray literature. After applying our inclusion criteria, we analyzed our findings according to our predefined dimensions of advocacy for health equity. Last, we synthesized our findings and made a critical appraisal of the literature. Findings:The policy world is complex, and scientific evidence is unlikely to be conclusive in making decisions. Timely qualitative, interdisciplinary, and mixed-methods research may be valuable in advocacy efforts. The potential impact of evidence can be increased by "packaging" it as part of knowledge transfer and translation. Increased contact between researchers and policymakers could improve the uptake of research in policy processes. Researchers can play a role in advocacy efforts, although health professionals and disadvantaged people, who have direct contact with ...
Autoría
Linden Farrer, Claudia Marinetti, Yoline Kuipers Cavaco, Caroline Costongs
Datos fuente
Milbank Q. 2015 Jun, 93 (2): 392-437
Tipo
  • Comunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Idioma
  • Inglés
Publicado en ODS
2015-07-15
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538
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