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Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from 2013/2014 survey

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from 2013/2014 survey Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), a WHO collaborative cross-national study, has provided information about the health, well-being, social environment and health behaviour of 11-, 13- and 15-year-old boys and girls for over 30 years. This latest international report from the study presents findings from the 2013/2014 survey, which collected data from almost 220 000 young people in 42 countries in Europe and North America. The data focus on social context (relations with family, peers and school), health outcomes (subjective health, injuries, obesity and mental health), health behaviours (patterns of eating, toothbrushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying) relevant to young people’s health and well-being. New items on family and peer support, migration, cyberbullying and serious injuries are also reflected in the report.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-04-14

Situación actual de la investigación sobre las condiciones de vida y el estado de salud de las personas mayores en España

Situación actual de la investigación sobre las condiciones de vida y el estado de salud de las personas mayores en España Objetivo:Analizar las dimensiones estudiadas en la investigación sobre las condiciones de vida y salud de las personas mayores no institucionalizadas en la literatura científica en el medio español. Método: Análisis de contenidos basado en fuentes secundarias, realizado mediante búsquedas bibliográficas de documentos en Pubmed y Embase en castellano y en inglés. La estrategia de búsqueda combinó términos o categorías relacionados con personas mayores, condiciones de vida y/o salud y España. Se incluyeron los estudios que evaluasen condiciones de vida y/o salud de las personas mayores en España. Se excluyeron los que analizaban un aspecto concreto de las condiciones de vida o salud y los que incluían o se centraban en la población institucionalizada. Resultados:Para el análisis de contenidos se consideró un total de 14 estudios y/o informes como relevantes. Los trabajos localizados son habitualmente de ámbito local, de tipo transversal y la recogida de datos se realiza mediante entrevista al individuo. Se observó variabilidad en los aspectos analizados sobre las condiciones de vida y salud de las personas mayores. La valoración de las características sociodemográficas, el estado de salud y los hábitos de vida se estudiaron de forma habitual. Los aspectos relacionados con el estado del entorno de la vivienda fueron escasamente analizados. Conclusiones:Este estudio permite conocer las dimensiones priorizadas en los estudios sobre condiciones de vida y salud realizados hasta e ...

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-15

Injury-Related Mortality Over 12 Years in a Cohort of Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders: Higher Mortality Among Young People and Women

Background:The goal of this study was to estimate excess death due to external causes among 18- to 64-year-olds with alcohol use disorder (AUD) who were treated at public outpatient treatment centers, and the time elapsed from treatment initiation to death. Methods:We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study among 7,012 outpatients aged 18 to 64 years who began treatment for AUD between 1997 and 2007. Deaths due to external causes (intentional and unintentional injuries) were monitored until the end of 2008. Person-years (PY) of follow-up and crude mortality rates (CMRs) were calculated for all study variables, for each sex, and for 2 age groups (18 to 34 and 35 to 64 years). Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were estimated by age group and sex. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression.Results: We recorded 114 deaths due to external causes. The CMR was 2.7 per 1,000 PY (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.2 to 3.2), with significant gender differences only among younger individuals (CMR for males = 3.9 per 1,000 PY [95% CI: 2.2 to 5.5] and CMR for females = 2.8 per 1,000 PY [95% CI: 0.1 to 5.6]). Unintentional injury was the most common cause of death (n = 65), of which acute poisoning (n = 25; 38.5%) and traffic accidents (n = 15; 23.1%) were the most prevalent. Suicide accounted for 91.8% (n = 49) of deaths from intentional injuries. The excess of mortality between the AUD group and the general population (SMR) was 9.5 higher than in ...

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-06-25

OECD Skills Outlook 2015: Youth, skills and employability

OECD Skills Outlook 2015: Youth, skills and employability The transition from school to work has never been particularly easy; but for millions of young people in OECD countries,it has become nearly impossible. Seven years after the 2008 global economic crisis, more than 35 million 16-29 year-olds across OECD countries are neither employed nor in education or training. In fact, young people are twice as likely as prime-age workers to be unemployed. Many of the young people who do manage to find work are not using the skills they acquired during their schooling. And one in four young people who are employed is working on a temporary contract – which limits the opportunities to advance in a career or even to participate in further training. Giving youngpeople a good start to their independent working lives has become a major challenge across OECD countries today.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-06-09

Excess mortality among the eldery in European countries, December 2014 to February 2015

Since December 2014 and up to February 2015, the weekly number of excess deaths from all-causes among individuals???65 years of age in 14 European countries have been significantly higher than in the four previous winter seasons. The rise in unspecified excess mortality coincides with increased proportion of influenza detection in the European influenza surveillance schemes with a main predominance of influenza A(H3N2) viruses seen throughout Europe in the current season, though cold snaps and other respiratory infections may also have had an effect.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-04-15

Spanish children: the population group most affected by the economic crisis. Statement of the Spanish Society of Public Health (SESPAS) on child poverty and health

Spanish children: the population group most affected by the economic crisis. Statement of the Spanish Society of Public Health (SESPAS) on child poverty and health The current economic crisis has affected the whole European economy. Children are the most vulnerable population group in these situations. As the Taylor-Robinson et al. report has pointed out child health and wellbeing has taken “a great leap backwards” in many countries. The Spanish Society of Public Health (SESPAS) calls on governments and public administrations to implement urgent measures to combat the effects of child poverty on health of the current economic crisis. There are several messages about the importance of children, but there are no measures included in the agenda that prioritizes economic and social policies to ensure equal opportunities to growth and development...

TipoEditores
Publicado en ODS2015-04-15

A gender perspective on older workers' employment and working conditions

A gender perspective on older workers' employment and working conditions This Working Paper aims to give a structured gender analysis of the working and employment conditions of older workers (aged 50 and over). While working and employment conditions are increasingly recognized as key issues in ageing at work, gender disparities are still going under-considered. These are not only the outcome of horizontal (between sectors of activity) and vertical (between job categories) segregation that produce widely differing work situations for women and men; they are also about men and women’s respective career paths, how they impact on health among the over-50s, and changing workforce exit norms, not to mention opportunities for self-fulfilment in work and recognition at work. More broadly, women and men’s ageing at work is influenced by the unequal distribution of domestic work and the tasks of caring both for the older and younger generations.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-03-27

Youth unemployment and economic recession in Spain: influence on health and lifestyles in young people (16–24 years old)

Objectives:To explore health status and lifestyles in young Spanish people in 2006 and 2012, the changes between these 2 years and the influence of employment status on health and lifestyles in this period.Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the Spanish National Health Surveys 2006 and 2011/12 in people 16–24 years old (3701). Regression analyses for pooled cross-sectional data were developed. Employment status was considered as explanatory variable of health (self-rated health, diagnosed morbidity and mental disorders) and lifestyles (overweight, tobacco and alcohol consumption).Results: Male unemployment was associated with poor self-rated health (OR 1.88; CI 95 % 1.00–3.53), mental disorders (OR 2.42; CI 95 % 1.02–5.76) and tobacco consumption (OR 1.62; CI 95 % 1.00–2.62). During the economic recession, young people presented better health results than in 2006. Unemployed who had never worked consumed less tobacco and alcohol than short-term unemployed.Conclusions: Unemployment was associated in young men with poor self-rated health, mental illness and tobacco consumption. Despite the economic recession, young people presented better self-rated health, diagnosed morbidity and mental health in 2012 than in 2006, especially in women.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-03-25

Social Determinants of Child Health: Concepts and Measures for Future Research

Objectives: This review examines the effects of family economic security policies on child and family health outcomes, formulates a framework for possible mechanisms of effect, and introduces our policy surveillance system to measure changes in state laws affecting social determinants of health. Methods: We carried out a comprehensive review of the published literature on family economic security policies and health outcomes. Results: There is a paucity of studies examining effects of economic policies on child and family health behaviors and outcomes; moreover, even fewer investigate causal pathways from policy to mediating changes in social and physical conditions or health behaviors. Conclusion: State policy variations offer a valuable opportunity for scientists to conduct natural experiments and contribute to evidence linking social policy effects to family and child wellbeing.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-01-30

Growing up in the unhappy shadow of the economic crisis. Mental health and well-being of the European child and adolescent population

Growing up in the unhappy shadow of the economic crisis. Mental health and well-being of the European child and adolescent population This report from the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA) highlights existing evidence on the detrimental effect of the ongoing economic crisis and austerity-driven measures on the mental health and well-being outcomes of the European child and adolescent population.The report shows how political choices, made within a framework of fiscal consolidation on many socio-economic determinants of people’s health, have had negative impacts on citizens’ mental health and well-being. The determinants include, for instance, employment status, household income and ability to provide adequate living conditions fundamental to optimal and sustainable human development.Children, as a particularly vulnerable group, are disproportionately affected by declining living standards. The restrictive atmosphere of the crisis, where political and financial choices of many national governments is to cut, rather than invest in early years, means that living standards and social and labour environments for families have been adversely affected.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-01-28

Desigualdad e inequidad en la utilización de servicios médicos según grupos etarios en Chile, 2000–2011

Objetivo: Calcular los índices de desigualdad e inequidad en la utilización de servicios médicos para menores, adultos y mayores en Chile entre 2000 y 2011. Métodos: Se utiliza la encuesta CASEN (2000-2011) y se calculan el índice de concentración (IC) para medir la desigualdad y el índice de inequidad horizontal (IIH) para medir inequidad en la utilización de servicios médicos.Los grupos de análisis son cuatro: menores de 5 años, menores entre 6 y 18 años, adultos y adultos mayores. Resultados: Los resultados indican que la utilización de servicios de médicos especialistas presenta mayor nivel de desigualdad en los grupos menores de edad y mayor nivel de inequidad en el grupo de adultos. En la utilización de servicios de atención dental, es el grupo de adultos mayores el de mayor desigualdad en el grupo de adultos. Conclusiones: Existen diferencias en los niveles de inequidad y desigualdad entre menores, adultos y adultos mayores a través de los años al menos en tres de la seis variables en estudio.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-11-19

Systematic review of parenting interventions in European countries aiming to reduce social inequalities in children’s health and development

Background: Early child development influences many aspects of wellbeing, health, competence in literacy andnumeracy, criminality, and social and economic participation throughout the life course. Children fromdisadvantaged groups have less possibilities of achieving full development. By providing a positive start for allchildren across the social gradient, improved developmental outcomes will be seen during later childhood andthroughout their lives. The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions during early childhoodin countries from the World Health Organisation European Region in 1999–2013 which reduced inequalities inchildren’s health and development.Methods: A systematic review was carried out adhering to the PRISMA guidelines. The review examined universal,targeted and proportionate universalism interventions, programs and services using an electronic search strategy inPubMed and the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences [IBSS] databases. A further search was performedin the grey literature. Interventions were included only if they were aimed at children or their parents and hadbeen evaluated.Results: We identified 23 interventions in total: 6 in the PubMed data base, 5 in IBSS and 12 in grey literature. Allbut 1 intervention-delivered in Sweden-were carried out in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Theseaimed to improve parenting abilities, however, some had additional components such as: day-care provision,improving hou ...

TipoRevisiones Bibliográficas
Publicado en ODS2014-11-12

Ageing

Ageing This Series on Ageing highlights a neglected area in the health sector and in social and economic-policy development. The six papers address issues related to mortality, morbidity and disability, wellbeing, and potential health-system responses. The Series provides a much-needed synthesis of the evidence, and suggests possible strategies to address the health and wellbeing of older adults. Scope for improving health of older adults is underlined in the Series papers by Martin Prince and Somnath Chatterji and their respective colleagues. Interventions that are targeted towards older people, including health promotion, disease prevention, and the entire range of care provision, from primary to palliative care, hold the promise of keeping older adults in good health for longer.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (colecciones)
Publicado en ODS2014-11-10

Los niños de la recesión. El impacto de la crisis económica en el bienestar infantil en los países ricos

www.unicef-irc.org

Los niños de la recesión. El impacto de la crisis económica en el bienestar infantil en los países ricos Este informe ordena a los 41 países de la OCDE, incluídos los de la Unión Europea, en función del aumento o disminución de los niveles de pobreza infantil desde 2008. También tiene en cuenta de la proporción de población entre 15 y 24 años de edad que no están en la educación , el empleo o la formación . El informe incluye datos de Gallup sobre la percepción del estado económico de las personas y las esperanzas para el futuro desde que comenzó la recesión . Mientras que los programas de estímulo económico en algunos países fueron eficaces para proteger a los niños, en el año 2010 la mayoría de los países dió un gir brusco con los recortes presupuestarios, con un impacto negativo en los niños,sobre todo en la región mediterránea.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-10-30