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Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from 2013/2014 survey

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from 2013/2014 survey Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), a WHO collaborative cross-national study, has provided information about the health, well-being, social environment and health behaviour of 11-, 13- and 15-year-old boys and girls for over 30 years. This latest international report from the study presents findings from the 2013/2014 survey, which collected data from almost 220 000 young people in 42 countries in Europe and North America. The data focus on social context (relations with family, peers and school), health outcomes (subjective health, injuries, obesity and mental health), health behaviours (patterns of eating, toothbrushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying) relevant to young people’s health and well-being. New items on family and peer support, migration, cyberbullying and serious injuries are also reflected in the report.

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-04-14

Situación actual de la investigación sobre las condiciones de vida y el estado de salud de las personas mayores en España

Situación actual de la investigación sobre las condiciones de vida y el estado de salud de las personas mayores en España Objetivo:Analizar las dimensiones estudiadas en la investigación sobre las condiciones de vida y salud de las personas mayores no institucionalizadas en la literatura científica en el medio español. Método: Análisis de contenidos basado en fuentes secundarias, realizado mediante búsquedas bibliográficas de documentos en Pubmed y Embase en castellano y en inglés. La estrategia de búsqueda combinó términos o categorías relacionados con personas mayores, condiciones de vida y/o salud y España. Se incluyeron los estudios que evaluasen condiciones de vida y/o salud de las personas mayores en España. Se excluyeron los que analizaban un aspecto concreto de las condiciones de vida o salud y los que incluían o se centraban en la población institucionalizada. Resultados:Para el análisis de contenidos se consideró un total de 14 estudios y/o informes como relevantes. Los trabajos localizados son habitualmente de ámbito local, de tipo transversal y la recogida de datos se realiza mediante entrevista al individuo. Se observó variabilidad en los aspectos analizados sobre las condiciones de vida y salud de las personas mayores. La valoración de las características sociodemográficas, el estado de salud y los hábitos de vida se estudiaron de forma habitual. Los aspectos relacionados con el estado del entorno de la vivienda fueron escasamente analizados. Conclusiones:Este estudio permite conocer las dimensiones priorizadas en los estudios sobre condiciones de vida y salud realizados hasta e ...

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-15

Injury-Related Mortality Over 12 Years in a Cohort of Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders: Higher Mortality Among Young People and Women

Background:The goal of this study was to estimate excess death due to external causes among 18- to 64-year-olds with alcohol use disorder (AUD) who were treated at public outpatient treatment centers, and the time elapsed from treatment initiation to death. Methods:We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study among 7,012 outpatients aged 18 to 64 years who began treatment for AUD between 1997 and 2007. Deaths due to external causes (intentional and unintentional injuries) were monitored until the end of 2008. Person-years (PY) of follow-up and crude mortality rates (CMRs) were calculated for all study variables, for each sex, and for 2 age groups (18 to 34 and 35 to 64 years). Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were estimated by age group and sex. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression.Results: We recorded 114 deaths due to external causes. The CMR was 2.7 per 1,000 PY (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.2 to 3.2), with significant gender differences only among younger individuals (CMR for males = 3.9 per 1,000 PY [95% CI: 2.2 to 5.5] and CMR for females = 2.8 per 1,000 PY [95% CI: 0.1 to 5.6]). Unintentional injury was the most common cause of death (n = 65), of which acute poisoning (n = 25; 38.5%) and traffic accidents (n = 15; 23.1%) were the most prevalent. Suicide accounted for 91.8% (n = 49) of deaths from intentional injuries. The excess of mortality between the AUD group and the general population (SMR) was 9.5 higher than in ...

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-06-25

OECD Skills Outlook 2015: Youth, skills and employability

OECD Skills Outlook 2015: Youth, skills and employability The transition from school to work has never been particularly easy; but for millions of young people in OECD countries,it has become nearly impossible. Seven years after the 2008 global economic crisis, more than 35 million 16-29 year-olds across OECD countries are neither employed nor in education or training. In fact, young people are twice as likely as prime-age workers to be unemployed. Many of the young people who do manage to find work are not using the skills they acquired during their schooling. And one in four young people who are employed is working on a temporary contract – which limits the opportunities to advance in a career or even to participate in further training. Giving youngpeople a good start to their independent working lives has become a major challenge across OECD countries today.

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-06-09

Excess mortality among the eldery in European countries, December 2014 to February 2015

Since December 2014 and up to February 2015, the weekly number of excess deaths from all-causes among individuals???65 years of age in 14 European countries have been significantly higher than in the four previous winter seasons. The rise in unspecified excess mortality coincides with increased proportion of influenza detection in the European influenza surveillance schemes with a main predominance of influenza A(H3N2) viruses seen throughout Europe in the current season, though cold snaps and other respiratory infections may also have had an effect.

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-04-15

Spanish children: the population group most affected by the economic crisis. Statement of the Spanish Society of Public Health (SESPAS) on child poverty and health

Spanish children: the population group most affected by the economic crisis. Statement of the Spanish Society of Public Health (SESPAS) on child poverty and health The current economic crisis has affected the whole European economy. Children are the most vulnerable population group in these situations. As the Taylor-Robinson et al. report has pointed out child health and wellbeing has taken “a great leap backwards” in many countries. The Spanish Society of Public Health (SESPAS) calls on governments and public administrations to implement urgent measures to combat the effects of child poverty on health of the current economic crisis. There are several messages about the importance of children, but there are no measures included in the agenda that prioritizes economic and social policies to ensure equal opportunities to growth and development...

Categoría:Edad
TipoEditores
Publicado en ODS2015-04-15