Desigualdades Recursos Atención a la Salud Desigualdades en Salud Territorio Trends in Longevity in the Americas: Disparities in Life Expectancy in Women and Men, 1965-2010

Título
Trends in Longevity in the Americas: Disparities in Life Expectancy in Women and Men, 1965-2010
Resumen
Objective: We describe trends in life expectancy at birth (LE) and between-country LE disparities since 1965, in Latin America and the Caribbean. Methods and Findings:LE trends since 1965 are described for three geographical sub-regions: the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. LE disparities are explored using a suite of absolute and relative disparity metrics, with measurement consensus providing confidence to observed differences. LE has increased throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Compared to the Caribbean, LE has increased by an additional 6.6 years in Central America and 4.1 years in South America. Since 1965, average reductions in between-country LE disparities were 14% (absolute disparity) and 23% (relative disparity) in the Caribbean, 55% and 51% in Central America, 55% and 52% in South America. Conclusions:LE in Latin America and the Caribbean is exceeding "minimum standard", international targets, and is improving relative to the world region with the highest human longevity. The Caribbean, which had the highest LE and the lowest between-country LE disparities in Latin America and the Caribbean in 1965-70, had the lowest LE and the highest LE disparities by 2005-10. Caribbean Governments have championed a collaborative solution to the growing burden of non-communicable disease, with 15 territories signing on to the Declaration of Port of Spain, signalling regional commitment to a coordinated public-health response. The persistent LE inequity be ...
Autoría
Ian R. Hambleton, Christina Howitt, Selvi Jeyaseelan, Madhuvanti M. Murphy, Anselm J Hennis, Rainford Wilks, E. Nigel Harris, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan
Datos fuente
PloS one, 2015, vol. 10, no 6, p. e0129778
Tipo
  • Comunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Idioma
  • Inglés
Publicado en ODS
2015-07-15
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