Tags:Crisis

Recursos RSS

The effect of the late 2000s financial crisis on suicides in Spain: an interrupted time-series anlysis

eurpub.oxfordjournals.org

Background: The current financial crisis is having a major impact on European economies, especially that of Spain. Past evidence suggests that adverse macro-economic conditions exacerbate mental illness, but evidence from the current crisis is limited. This study analyses the association between the financial crisis and suicide rates in Spain. Methods: An interrupted time-series analysis of national suicides data between 2005 and 2010 was used to establish whether there has been any deviation in the underlying trend in suicide rates associated with the financial crisis. Segmented regression with a seasonally adjusted quasi-Poisson model was used for the analysis.Stratified analyses were performed to establish whether the effect of the crisis on suicides varied by region, sex and age group. Results: The mean monthly suicide rate in Spain during the study period was 0.61 per 100 000 with an underlying trend of a 0.3% decrease per month. We found an 8.0% increase in the suicide rate above this underlying trend since the financial crisis (95% CI: 1.009–1.156; P = 0.03); this was robust to sensitivity analysis. A control analysis showed no change in deaths from accidental falls associated with the crisis. Stratified analyses suggested that the association between the crisis and suicide rates is greatest in the Mediterranean and Northern areas, in males and amongst those of working age. Conclusions: The financial crisis in Spain has been associated with a relative increase in ...

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2013-10-21

La trampa de la austeridad. El verdadero coste de la desigualdad

www.intermonoxfam.org/es/que-hacemos/campanas-educacion

Los programas de austeridad europeos han desmantelado los mecanismos que reducen la desigualdad y hacen posible un crecimiento equitativo. Con el aumento de la desigualdad y la pobreza, Europa se enfrenta a una década pérdida. Si las medidas de austeridad siguen adelante, en 2025 entre 15 y 25 millones de europeos más podrían verse sumidos en la pobreza. Existen claras semejanzas entre estos programas de austeridad y las ruinosas políticas de ajuste estructural impuestas en América Latina, el Este Asiático y África subsahariana en las décadas de 1980 y 1990. Estas políticas fueron un fracaso. Oxfam hace un llamamiento a los gobiernos europeos para que abandonen las políticas de austeridad, y a cambio opten por la senda de un crecimiento inclusivo que favorezca a las personas, las comunidades y el medio ambiente.

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2013-10-03

Informe SESPAS 2014: Crisis Económica y Salud

gacetasanitaria.org/es/

Cuando ya han pasado más de cinco años del inicio de la crisis económica el abordaje continúa siendo el de las causas, consecuencias y medidas económicas mientras que la salud y el bienestar no acaban de situarse en primera línea. Los objetivos del Informe SESPAS 2014 son: a) analizar el impacto de la crisis en la salud y los comportamientos relacionados con la salud, en las desigualdades y en los determinantes de la salud en España; b) describir los cambios en el sistema sanitario español a raíz de las medidas adoptadas para afrontar la crisis y valorar su posible impacto en la salud; c) revisar la evidencia sobre el impacto de otras crisis y de la actual en otros países, así como las respuestas políticas; y d) proponer intervenciones y políticas alternativas a las llevadas a cabo hasta el momento con una perspectiva de salud poblacional y evidencia científica, que ayuden a mitigar el impacto en la salud y en las desigualdades en salud. El Informe se organiza en cinco bloques: 1) crisis económico-financiera y salud, causas, consecuencias y contextos; 2) impacto sobre los determinantes estructurales de la salud y las desigualdades en salud; 3) impacto en salud y en comportamientos relacionados con la salud, e indicadores para la monitorización; 4) impacto sobre los sistemas de salud; y 5) impacto en grupos específicos de población: infancia, personas mayores y población inmigrante. Hay evidencia de la relación de la crisis con la salud de la población española, con las desigu ...

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-06-05

Growing up in the unhappy shadow of the economic crisis. Mental health and well-being of the European child and adolescent population

Growing up in the unhappy shadow of the economic crisis. Mental health and well-being of the European child and adolescent population This report from the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA) highlights existing evidence on the detrimental effect of the ongoing economic crisis and austerity-driven measures on the mental health and well-being outcomes of the European child and adolescent population.The report shows how political choices, made within a framework of fiscal consolidation on many socio-economic determinants of people’s health, have had negative impacts on citizens’ mental health and well-being. The determinants include, for instance, employment status, household income and ability to provide adequate living conditions fundamental to optimal and sustainable human development.Children, as a particularly vulnerable group, are disproportionately affected by declining living standards. The restrictive atmosphere of the crisis, where political and financial choices of many national governments is to cut, rather than invest in early years, means that living standards and social and labour environments for families have been adversely affected.

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-01-28

Foreclosure and Health in Southern Europe: Results from the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages

Foreclosure and Health in Southern Europe: Results from the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages Housing instability has been shown to be related to poorer health outcomes in various studies, mainly in the USA and UK. Affected individuals are more prone to psychiatric (e.g., major depression, anxiety) and physical disorders (e.g., hypertension). This situation has deteriorated with the onset of the economic crisis. One of the most affected countries is Spain, which has high rates of foreclosure and eviction that continue to rise. In response, a civil movement, The Platform for People Affected by Mortgages (PAH), works to provide solutions to its members affected by foreclosure and advocates for the right to decent housing. The aims of this study ware to describe and compare the health status of PAH members from Catalonia to a sample of the general population and to analyze the association between health status and mortgage status, foreclosure stage, and other socioeconomic variables, among members of the PAH. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered online questionnaire (2014) administered to 905 PAH members in Catalonia (>18 years; 559 women and 346 men). Results were compared with health indicators from The Health Survey of Catalonia 2013 (n = 4830). The dependent variables were poor mental health (GHQ 12 ≥ 3), and poor self-reported health (fair or poor). All analyses were stratified by sex. We computed age-standardized prevalence and prevalence ratios of poor mental and self-reported health in both samples. We a ...

Categoría:Territorio
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-03-22

Economic crisis, immigrant women and intimate partner violence services: a qualitative study of professionals' perceptions in Spain

Introducción: Desde 2008, España está atravesando una fuerte recesión económica con consecuencias negativas en las condiciones de vida de los grupos vulnerables de población, las políticas sociales y los recursos. En este contexto, el objetivo de este estudio es explorar la percepción de los profesionales de servicios de atención a la violencia del compañero íntimo (VCI) en España sobre el impacto de la actual crisis económica en estos recursos y su capacidad de respuesta a las necesidades de las mujeres inmigrantes que se encuentren en esta situación. Método:Se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo basado en 43 entrevistas en profundidad semiestructuradas con profesionales de trabajo social, psicología, mediación intercultural,justicia, abogacía, policía y salud trabajando en diferentes servicios de atención a la VCI(tanto públicos como ONG’s) en diferentes ciudades en España (Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia yAlicante) en 2011. Las transcripciones se importaron al software de análisis cualitativo(Atlas.ti) y se realizó un análisis de contenido cualitativo. Resultados:Se identificaron 4 categorías relacionadas con el impacto percibido de la actual crisis económica: a) “Las mujeres inmigrantes lo tienen ahora más difícil”; b) “Los recursos de VCI e inmigración en el punto de mira de los recortes”, c) “Reducción del personal y aumento de las listas de espera” and d) “Las políticas de igualdad y VCI ya no son una prioridad gubernamental”. Emergió un tema transversal a estas categorí ...

Categoría:Etnia
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-09-12

Crisis, suicide and labour productivity losses in Spain

Crisis, suicide and labour productivity losses in Spain Objectives: Suicide became the first cause of death between the ages of 15 and 44 in Spain in the year 2013. Moreover, the suicide rate in Spain went up by more than 9 % with respect to the previous year. This increase could be related to the serious economic recession that Spain has been experiencing in recent years. In this sense, there is a lack of evidence to help assess to what extent these suicides have a social cost in terms of losses in human capital. Firstly, this article examines the relationship between the variables related to the economic cycle and the suicide rates in the 17 Spanish regions. Secondly, an estimate is made of the losses in labour productivity owing to these suicides.Methodology: In this article, panel data models are used to consider different variables related to the economic cycle. Demographic variables and the suicide rates for regions across Spain from 2002 to 2013 also come into play. The present and future production costs owing to premature death from suicide are calculated using a human capital model. These costs are valued from the gross salary that an individual no longer receives in the future at the very moment he or she leaves the labour market.Results: The results provide a strong indication that a decrease in economic growth and an increase in unemployment negatively affect suicide rates. Due to suicide, 38,038 potential years of working life were lost in 2013. This has an estimated cost of over 565 million euros.Conclusions:The eco ...

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-03-02

A "Before and After" in the Use of Emergency Services in Spain? The Impact of the Economic Crisis

The objective of this study was to analyse whether variables associated with emergency services (ES) use in Spain have changed in the period 2006-2011 using a comparative analysis of the 2006 and 2011 Spanish National Health Surveys. The measure of association was the prevalence ratio with its 95% confidence interval, obtained by Poisson regression with robust variance. We studied interactions between the explanatory variables for ES use and year and subsequently performed a stratified analysis by year. ES use declined by 2.1% in 2011. Most emergency care (approximately 60% in both surveys) was provided in public hospitals. Between 2006 and 2011, ES use increased by 9% in women (p for interaction=0.008) [ref. men], 3% in persons with poor mental health (p for interaction=0.072) [ref. good mental health], and 8% in individuals with limitations on activities of daily living (p for interaction=0.006) [ref. no limitations]. The change in the effect of the variables sex, mental health, and limitations on activities of daily living on use of ES (2006 and 2011) is not explained by either demographic characteristics or individual socioeconomic indicators. These results could be associated with macroeconomic and structural changes occurring during the period 2006-2011.

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-04-14