Tags:mental health

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The impact of the Great Recession on mental health and its inequalities: the case of a Southern European region, 1997-2013

The impact of the Great Recession on mental health and its inequalities: the case of a Southern European region, 1997-2013 Background: Numerous studies have shown that macroeconomic changes have a great influence on health, prompting different concerns in recent literature about the effects of the current recession. The objetive of the study was to assess the changes in the mental health of the working-age population in the Basque Country (Spain) and its social inequalities following the onset of the 2008 recession, with special focus on the role of unemployment. Methods: Repeated cross-sectional study on the population aged 16-64, using four Basque Health Surveys (1997-2013). Age-adjusted prevalences of poor mental health and incremental prevalence ratios (working status and social class adjusted) between years were calculated. Absolute/relative measures of social inequalities were also calculated. Results: From 2008, there was a clear deterioration in the mental health, especially among men. Neither changes in employment status nor social class accounted for these changes. In men, the deterioration affected all working status categories, except the retired but significant changes occurred only among the employed. In women, poor mental health significantly increased among the unemployed. Students were also especially affected. Relative inequalities increased only in men. Conclusions: The Great Recession is being accompanied by adverse effects on mental health, which cannot be fully explained by the increase of unemployment. Public health professionals should closely monitor the medium and lon ...

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-05

The effect of the late 2000s financial crisis on suicides in Spain: an interrupted time-series anlysis

eurpub.oxfordjournals.org

Background: The current financial crisis is having a major impact on European economies, especially that of Spain. Past evidence suggests that adverse macro-economic conditions exacerbate mental illness, but evidence from the current crisis is limited. This study analyses the association between the financial crisis and suicide rates in Spain. Methods: An interrupted time-series analysis of national suicides data between 2005 and 2010 was used to establish whether there has been any deviation in the underlying trend in suicide rates associated with the financial crisis. Segmented regression with a seasonally adjusted quasi-Poisson model was used for the analysis.Stratified analyses were performed to establish whether the effect of the crisis on suicides varied by region, sex and age group. Results: The mean monthly suicide rate in Spain during the study period was 0.61 per 100 000 with an underlying trend of a 0.3% decrease per month. We found an 8.0% increase in the suicide rate above this underlying trend since the financial crisis (95% CI: 1.009–1.156; P = 0.03); this was robust to sensitivity analysis. A control analysis showed no change in deaths from accidental falls associated with the crisis. Stratified analyses suggested that the association between the crisis and suicide rates is greatest in the Mediterranean and Northern areas, in males and amongst those of working age. Conclusions: The financial crisis in Spain has been associated with a relative increase in ...

Categoría:Crisis Económica
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2013-10-21

Growing up in the unhappy shadow of the economic crisis. Mental health and well-being of the European child and adolescent population

Growing up in the unhappy shadow of the economic crisis. Mental health and well-being of the European child and adolescent population This report from the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA) highlights existing evidence on the detrimental effect of the ongoing economic crisis and austerity-driven measures on the mental health and well-being outcomes of the European child and adolescent population.The report shows how political choices, made within a framework of fiscal consolidation on many socio-economic determinants of people’s health, have had negative impacts on citizens’ mental health and well-being. The determinants include, for instance, employment status, household income and ability to provide adequate living conditions fundamental to optimal and sustainable human development.Children, as a particularly vulnerable group, are disproportionately affected by declining living standards. The restrictive atmosphere of the crisis, where political and financial choices of many national governments is to cut, rather than invest in early years, means that living standards and social and labour environments for families have been adversely affected.

Categoría:Edad
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-01-28