Tags:Review

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Systematic review of parenting interventions in European countries aiming to reduce social inequalities in children’s health and development

Background: Early child development influences many aspects of wellbeing, health, competence in literacy andnumeracy, criminality, and social and economic participation throughout the life course. Children fromdisadvantaged groups have less possibilities of achieving full development. By providing a positive start for allchildren across the social gradient, improved developmental outcomes will be seen during later childhood andthroughout their lives. The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions during early childhoodin countries from the World Health Organisation European Region in 1999–2013 which reduced inequalities inchildren’s health and development.Methods: A systematic review was carried out adhering to the PRISMA guidelines. The review examined universal,targeted and proportionate universalism interventions, programs and services using an electronic search strategy inPubMed and the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences [IBSS] databases. A further search was performedin the grey literature. Interventions were included only if they were aimed at children or their parents and hadbeen evaluated.Results: We identified 23 interventions in total: 6 in the PubMed data base, 5 in IBSS and 12 in grey literature. Allbut 1 intervention-delivered in Sweden-were carried out in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Theseaimed to improve parenting abilities, however, some had additional components such as: day-care provision,improving hou ...

Categoría:Edad
TipoRevisiones Bibliográficas
Publicado en ODS2014-11-12

Supporting a Movement for Health and Health Equity – Workshop Summary

Supporting a Movement for Health and Health Equity – Workshop Summary The idea of movements and movement building is inextricably linked with the history of public health. Historically, most movements—including, for example, those for safer working conditions, for clean water, and for safe food—have emerged from the sustained efforts of many different groups of individuals, which were often organized in order to protest and advocate for changes in the name of such values as fairness and human rights.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-12-17

Lone parents, health, wellbeing and welfare to work: a systematic review of qualitative studies

Lone parents, health, wellbeing and welfare to work: a systematic review of qualitative studies Background: Lone parents and their children experience higher than average levels of adverse health and social outcomes, much of which are explained by high rates of poverty. Many high income countries have attempted to address high poverty rates by introducing employment requirements for lone parents in receipt of welfare benefits. However, there is evidence that employment may not reduce poverty or improve the health of lone parents and their children. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies reporting lone parents’ accounts of participation in welfare to work (WtW), to identify explanations and possible mechanisms for the impacts of WtW on health and wellbeing. Twenty one bibliographic databases were searched. Two reviewers independently screened references and assessed study quality. Studies from any high income country that met the criteria of focussing on lone parents, mandatory WtW interventions, and health or wellbeing were included. Thematic synthesis was used to investigate analytic themes between studies. Results: Screening of the 4703 identified papers and quality assessment resulted in the inclusion of 16 qualitative studies of WtW in five high income countries, USA, Canada, UK, Australia, and New Zealand, covering a variety of welfare regimes. Our synthesis found that WtW requirements often conflicted with child care responsibilities. Available employment was often poorly paid and precarious. Adverse health impacts, such as increa ...

Categoría:Género
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-03-04

Health and access to care for undocumented migrants living in the European Union: a scoping review

Background: Literature on health and access to care of undocumented migrants in the European Union (EU) is limited and heterogeneous in focus and quality. Authors conducted a scoping review to identify the extent, nature and distribution of existing primary research (1990–2012), thus clarifying what is known, key gaps, and potential next steps. Methods: Authors used Arksey and O’Malley’s six-stage scoping framework, with Levac, Colquhoun and O’Brien’s revisions, to review identified sources. Findings were summarized thematically: (i) physical, mental and social health issues, (ii) access and barriers to care, (iii) vulnerable groups and (iv) policy and rights. Results: Fifty-four sources were included of 598 identified, with 93% (50/54) published during 2005–2012. EU member states from Eastern Europe were under-represented, particularly in single-country studies. Most study designs (52%) were qualitative. Sampling descriptions were generally poor, and sampling purposeful, with only four studies using any randomization. Demographic descriptions were far from uniform and only two studies focused on undocumented children and youth. Most (80%) included findings on health-care access, with obstacles reported at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Major access barriers included fear, lack of awareness of rights, socioeconomics. Mental disorders appeared widespread, while obstetric needs and injuries were key reasons for seeking care. Pregnant women, children and detainees app ...

Categoría:Etnia
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2014-12-03