Tags:social determinants

Recursos RSS

Tackling structural and social issues to reduce inequities in childre's outcomes in low-to middle-income

www.unicef-irc.org/publications/708

La lucha contra las desigualdades infantiles es un tema que importa, tanto desde una perspectiva moral como social y económicamente. La reducción de la inequidad en la infancia requiere abordar cuestiones estructurales sociales. Este documento proporciona evidencia sobre cómo las condiciones sociales, económicas y ambientales conforman como resultados desigualdades en materia de infancia. Sobre la base de conocimientos generados a través de los estudios sobre los determinantes sociales de la salud, el trabajo proporciona un marco para informar a los decisores políticos y a los investigadores con el objetivo de reducir las desigualdades en la infancia, con un enfoque específico en países de rentas bajas y medianas.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2013-11-28

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region

www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-policy/health-2020-

La Región Europea de la OMS ha vivido notables avances en salud, aunque persisten las desigualdades tanto entre países como dentro de ellos. Gracias a la publicación del informe de 2008 de la Comisión sobre Determinantes Sociales de la Salud ahora se conoce más sobre el alcance y las causas sociales de estas desigualdades. Este informe es una revisión de las inequidades en salud a través de los 53 estados miembros de la Región europea y se encargó de apoyar el desarrollo del nuevo marco de la política europea para la salud y el bienestar, Salud 2020. Está basado en la evidencia global y recomienda políticas para reducir las desigualdades en salud y la brecha de salud en todos los países, incluidos aquellos que tienen ingresos más bajos. El informe se divide en cuatros parte. En la Parte I constan los antecedentes y el contexto de la revisión y se establecen los principios de las recomendaciones y razones para abordar cuatro grandes temas: las etapas del curso de vida, la sociedad en general, el contexto macrosocial y la gobernanza. La Parte II resume la evidencia actual sobre la brecha de salud entre los países de la Región, describiendo las desigualdades en salud y sus determinantes sociales. La parte III hace propuestas basadas en la evidencia. Y por último, en la Parte IV se describen los problemas de implementación y se ofrece orientación y un resumen de las principales conclusiones y recomendaciones de la revisión.

Measuring healh inequities in low and middle income countries for the devolpment of observatoires on inequities and social determinants of health

Measuring healh inequities in low and middle income countries for the devolpment of observatoires on inequities and social determinants of health Background: Almost seven years after the publication of the final report of the World Health Organization’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), its third recommendation has not been attended to properly. Measuring health inequities (HI) within countries and globally, in order to develop and evaluate evidence-based policies and actions aimed at the social determinants of health (SDH), is still a pending task in most low and middle income countries (LMIC) in the Latin American region. In this paper we discuss methodological and conceptual issues to measure HI in LMIC and suggest a three-stage methodology for the creation of observatories on health inequities (OHI) and social determinants of health, based on the experience of the Brazilian Observatory on Health Inequities (BOHI) that has been successfully operating since 2010 at the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ). Methods: A three-stage methodology for the creation of an OHI was developed based on a literature review on the following topics: SDH, HI measurement, and the process of setting-up of health observatories; followed by semi-structured interviews with key informants from the BOHI. We describe the three stages and discuss the replicability of this methodology in other Latin American countries. We also carried out a search of suitable national information systems to feed an OHI in Mexico, along with an outline of the institutional infrastructure to sustain it. Results:  ...

Categoría:Territorio
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-23

Measuring healh inequities in low and middle income countries for the devolpment of observatoires on inequities and social determinants of health

Measuring healh inequities in low and middle income countries for the devolpment of observatoires on inequities and social determinants of health Background: Almost seven years after the publication of the final report of the World Health Organization's Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), its third recommendation has not been attended to properly. Measuring health inequities (HI) within countries and globally, in order to develop and evaluate evidence-based policies and actions aimed at the social determinants of health (SDH), is still a pending task in most low and middle income countries (LMIC) in the Latin American region. In this paper we discuss methodological and conceptual issues to measure HI in LMIC and suggest a three-stage methodology for the creation of observatories on health inequities (OHI) and social determinants of health, based on the experience of the Brazilian Observatory on Health Inequities (BOHI) that has been successfully operating since 2010 at the Fundaçao Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ). Methods: A three-stage methodology for the creation of an OHI was developed based on a literature review on the following topics: SDH, HI measurement, and the process of setting-up of health observatories; followed by semi-structured interviews with key informants from the BOHI. We describe the three stages and discuss the replicability of this methodology in other Latin American countries. We also carried out a search of suitable national information systems to feed an OHI in Mexico, along with an outline of the institutional infrastructure to sustain it. Results: When implementing the methodology f ...

Categoría:Territorio
TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2016-02-23

Inequities in the freedom to lead a flourishing and healthy life: issues for healthy public policy

There are many reasons for the health inequities that we see around the world today. Public policy and the way society organises its affairs affects the economic, social and physical factors that influence the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age - the social determinants of health. Tackling health inequities is a political issue that requires leadership, political courage, progressive public policy, social struggle and action, and a sound evidence base.

TipoComunicaciones/Informes/Artículos (individual)
Publicado en ODS2015-06-17